Odawara Station [Odawara Sakura Matsuri (Odawara Castle Ruins Park)]
Ever since they were first told of in the ancient the Manyo poems, it is clear how close "sakura", or cherry blossoms, are to the hearts of Japanese people. Furthermore, customs like "hanami" and "kan'o", in which people gather beneath sakura trees in bloom in order to view their blossoms, have remained very important customs to the present day. Sakura is regarded as a special flower that has nurtured the aesthetic sense of the Japanese people and had a large influence on Japan's unique culture. Why not admire the sakura in full bloom, and immerse yourself in the joys of a Japanese spring?
The charm of "sakura", inspiration of poets
- "Sakura" were a frequent theme for traditional Japanese songs and poems like waka and haiku, as a symbol of spring and also as a word used to stand for flowers in general.
- For example, the "Kokinwakashu", a collection of poems from the early Heian period, leaves us many words which lament the fleeting lives of the cherry blossoms, such as those of Ariwara no Narihira, who wrote, "If there were no sakura in the world, how calm our hearts would be in spring," or Ki no Motonori, who put it, "The light filling the air is so mild this spring day, so why do the cherry blossoms fall in such haste?"
- Sakura are beautiful in full bloom and also when they are about to fall. Feeling this way may be a sensitivity which is peculiar to the Japanese, a sensitivity which reflects both the impermanence and decisiveness of a blossom at the moment it falls.
Gifu-Hashima Station [Princess Chujo Seigan Sakura]
Kyoto Station [Daigo-ji Temple]
1200 years of
- Feasting beneath the sakura blossoms, in other words "hanami", is a Japanese spring tradition.
Hanami has a long history, and first began as "sakura-gari" among sakura trees growing wild in the mountains. These wild trees were introduced into places where people lived, and it is said that Emperor Saga conducted the first "kan'o-kai" (literally "kan'o party") in the south hall of the Imperial Palace in 812 AD.
- If it's a question of which is the most famous hanami in history, then the answer is probably the "Daigo no Hanami" held at the behest of Lord Hideyoshi Toyomi. In the 1598, Lord Hideyoshi had 700 sakura trees planted in the grounds of Daigo-ji Temple in Kyoto, and held a grand feast which was attended by some 1300 guests.
- 1200 years of
"Hanami": popular these days nationwide
- Hanami came to be loved by the common people and not just members of the royalty and nobility, but it was a sign to let people know when to plant rice, and people generally admired a single sakura tree planted in the precincts of a shrine or temple, or within the gardens of a feudal lord.
- In the Edo period however, hanami as enjoyed by ordinary people underwent significant change. The people from Edo found a refreshing aspect in the scattering of the sakura, and likened to their own local character such attributes as the unpredictability of when they would bloom. In particular, Edoites saw the very image of their own temperament in the somei-yoshino, a variety cultivated towards the end of the Edo period which would come into bloom all at once, only to scatter just as suddenly. They would try to predict when the trees were going to bloom, and in groups of friends flock to popular sakura spots, armed for the occasion with snacks and sake.
- As you will already know, this hanami style has been passed on to the people of today. Hanami spots increased in number when a variety of sakura trees were planted after the Meiji Restoration. Each sakura is beautiful in its own way. These days people have fun deciding on which hanami spot to go to with their family and friends.
Atami Station [Atami Castle Sakura Matsuri (Atami Castle)]
- Toyohashi Station [Sakura Matsuri (Mukaiyama Ryokuchi etc.)]
- Shin-Osaka Station [Okawa River Sakura Cruise]
A surprising fact about sakura
Plum was more popular than sakura?
- There is an Edo hauta (a kind of folk song) which asks, "Are the ume blossoming? And do the sakura still not?" So the blossoming of ume, or plum trees, also announces the beginning of spring. In fact, sakura hanami began only in the Heian period, while in the preceding Nara period ume was the blossom of choice, plum trees having only just been introduced from China. In the oldest collection of Japanese poetry, the "Manyoshu", works which mention ume actually outnumber those about sakura. This situation is reversed in the Heian period's "Kokinwakashu".
- It may well be the case that for the Japanese, ume and sakura are not just flowers, but also symbols which reflect the very spirit of the Japanese people.
Kyoto Station [Kitano Temmangu Shrine Ume Garden Opening]
- A surprising fact about sakura
updated on Mar 31, 2017
Tokaido Shinkansen Stations